Heart disease is a major health problem in the world and heart surgery is now common for revascularisation in coronary artery disease, heart valve repair and replacements and heart and heart lung transplantation.
In England, in the NHS, annually approximately 22,000– 24,000 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations and just over 11,000 valve procedures are performed. Whereas the number of CABGs performed has been approximately the same in recent years, valve surgery is increasing by about 5–10% every year. There is a general trend to more minimally invasive surgery and some surgeons are now using off- pump surgery techniques. Currently, it is estimated that more than one million cardiac operations are performed each year worldwide with use of the heart-lung machine. In most cases, the operative mortality is quite low, approaching 1% for some operations .
Motivated by a desire to simplify the mystique of cardiac surgery, the goal of this book is to aid surgeons in mastering the skills necessary in an ever-expanding field of cardiac surgery. This book is an amalgamation of the surgical principles, tips and tricks.
The Philosophy of Essentials of Operative Cardiac Surgery is to keep simple cases simple and turn complex cases into simple cases.
1 Echocardiography in Cardiac Surgery .
2 Basic Setup in Cardiac Surgery
3 Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
4 Aortic Valve Surgery.
5 Mitral Valve Surgery
6 Tricuspid Valve Surgery
7 Ascending Aorta and Aortic Root Surgery
8 Cardiac Tumours